September 9, 2013 - 17:42 AMT
PanARMENIAN.Net - The United States said on Monday, Sept 9, it disagreed with a Russian request for the UN nuclear agency to analyze the possible risks involved if a Syrian reactor were to be hit during military strikes, Reuters reported.
In a statement to an IAEA board meeting, U.S. ambassador Joseph Macmanus said: "It is our view that requests for comprehensive risk analyses of hypothetical scenarios are beyond the IAEA's statutory authority."
The IAEA "will have to review such a request in light of legal authorities, mandate and resources and must determine whether there is a scientific basis for conducting a highly speculative investigation of this kind," Macmanus said, according to a copy of his speech.
Russia said this week a military strike on Syria could have catastrophic effects if the research reactor near Damascus that contains radioactive uranium was struck, "by design or by chance".
“A military strike on Syria could lead to a nuclear catastrophe if a missile were to hit a reactor containing radioactive uranium,” Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Aleksandr Lukashevich warned.
"If a warhead, by design or by chance, were to hit the Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR) near Damascus, the consequences could be catastrophic," he said, adding that the region could be at risk of “contamination by highly enriched uranium and it would no longer be possible to account for nuclear material, its safety and control.”
Russia called on the UN International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to urgently assess the risk as the United States considers military action to punish Syria's government for an alleged gas attack. The UN nuclear watchdog has received a request from Russia and is considering the issue.
"I can confirm that the IAEA has received a formal request from the Russian Federation. The agency is considering the questions raised," IAEA spokesperson Gill Tudor said, giving no further detail.
Russia said nearby areas could be contaminated by highly enriched uranium and that it would be impossible to account for the nuclear material after such a strike, suggesting it could fall into the hands of people who might use it as a weapon.
Nuclear experts say the so-called Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR), a type of research reactor that is usually fuelled by highly enriched uranium, is small and that any radioactive fallout may pose a local hazard.
The amount that such a reactor usually holds, about 1 kg of highly enriched uranium, is less than the 25 kg that would be sufficient to build a bomb, they say.