February 19, 2019 - 18:17 AMT
PanARMENIAN.Net - Maintaining healthy lifestyles can significantly reduce the risk of cancer, with each additional healthy lifestyle reducing the risk by 6 percent, according to recent research based on the data of over 100,000 Chinese adults, Xinhua reports.
Many studies conducted in Western populations have shown that adopting a favorable lifestyle pattern was associated with lower risks of cancer. However, evidence regarding this relationship in the Chinese population remains limited.
Researchers from the Fuwai Hospital under the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences evaluated the association between clustering of healthy lifestyle factors and cancer risk based on data collected from more than 100,000 Chinese adults.
By referring to the international report Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer: A Global Perspective and the Dietary guidelines for Chinese residents, researchers listed six healthy lifestyle factors including not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, adequate physical activity, restricting alcohol consumption, adequate vegetable and fruit consumption and limited red meat consumption.
Results showed that 83.4 percent of the participants had three to five healthy lifestyle factors, whereas only 9.1 percent had all six healthy lifestyle factors. About 7.5 percent had no more than three healthy lifestyle factors.
Participants with six healthy lifestyle factors had a 17 percent lower risk of cancer compared with those with no more than three healthy lifestyle factors.
The incidence of overall cancer decreased along with an increasing number of healthy lifestyle factors. Each additional healthy lifestyle factor was associated with a 6 percent lower risk of cancer.
Healthy lifestyles are most relevant to reducing the risk of lung cancer and colorectal cancer. Approximately 47.4 percent of liver cancer cases and 31.9 percent of colorectal cancer cases were attributed to unhealthy lifestyle factors.
The research also showed that only 4.8 percent of the male participants had all six healthy lifestyle factors and male participants with at least three healthy lifestyle factors were less than 60 percent. Among the male participants, 18.4 percent of cancers were attributed to unhealthy lifestyles, which would have been prevented with healthy lifestyle factors.