Lebanese PM forms national unity government

Lebanese PM forms national unity government

PanARMENIAN.Net - Lebanon's Prime Minister Tammam Salam has formed a national unity government, more than 10 months after he took the post, Al Jazeera reports.

The 24-member government, announced on Saturday, Feb 15, unites the powerful Shia political party Hezbollah and its allies with the Sunni-led bloc of former Prime Minister Saad Hariri for the first time in three years.

Salam was unable to form a cabinet until now because of deep divisions among Lebanese political groups, mostly over the civil war in neighboring Syria.

"After 10 months of efforts, of patience, a government protecting the national interest is born," AFP quoted the Prime Minister as saying.

"It is a unifying government and the best formula to allow Lebanon to confront challenges," said Salam, who was tasked with forming the government back in April 2013 after the resignation of his predecessor, Najib Mikati.

Hezbollah is allied with Syria's President Bashar al-Assad and has dispatched fighters to bolster his regime in its fight against rebels.

Hariri is a fierce opponent of the government in Damascus and backs the Sunni-led uprising against Assad.

Saturday's compromise is intended to ensure neither the Hezbollah nor the Hariri bloc has veto power over the other. It divides the 24 portfolios into three groups, with Hezbollah and Hariri's blocs each taking eight ministries, and the final eight going to candidates considered to be neutral.

To preserve the delicate balance between the country's 18 sects, the government is also equally divided between Christian and Muslim representatives.

Clashes between opponents and supporters of the Syrian regime have killed scores of Lebanese over the past months. A wave of car bombs also claimed the lives of dozens.

Salam said he hoped the new government would allow Lebanon to hold presidential elections before President Michel Suleiman's mandate expires in May and finally conduct parliamentary polls that were postponed last year due to the political impasse.

Among the top posts announced, Reuters reported that former Energy Minister Gebran Bassil, from the Hezbollah-dominated March 8 bloc, was named foreign minister. Former Health Minister Ali Hassan Khalil, also from March 8, takes the finance portfolio. Nouhad Machnouk, a legislator of the March 14 bloc, led by Hariri's Future party, was named interior minister.

Related links:
 Top stories
The political leader of Iraq's Kurds earlier appealed for international military aid to help defeat the Islamist militants.
Hassan Rouhani said his government will continue his policy of moderation and "constructive engagement" with the West.
Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu visited the town of Soma, which in May was the scene of Turkey's worst ever mining disaster.
The embassy staff were evacuated to neighboring Tunisia "due to the ongoing violence, the U.S. State Department said.
Partner news
Soghomon Tehlirian assassinated Talaat Pasha on March 15, 1921

Operation Nemesis was a covert operation by the Armenian Revolutionary Federation carried out from 1920 to 1922, during which a number of former Ottoman political and military figures were assassinated for their role in the Armenian Genocide.